Ronald Bruscia Diabetic Foot Care-1
Diabetic Foot Care - Podiatrist in Katy, TX - Ronald Bruscia, DPM
Dr. Ron Bruscia of Family Foot and Ankle Wellness Center discusses why diabetics must come in for a comprehensive foot exam to avoid the complications of diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease which afflicts about 16 million people in the United States, half of whom are unaware they have the disease. It is a metabolic disease characterized by elevated glucose (blood sugar), resulting from defects in secretion of the hormone insulin, defects which cause tissue to resist absorption of insulin, or both. Chronic elevation of blood sugar (hyperglycemia) is associated with long-term damage to the eyes, heart, kidneys, feet, nerves, and blood vessels. Symptoms of hyperglycemia may include frequent urination, excessive thirst, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, tingling or numbness of the feet or hands, blurred vision, slow-to-heal wounds, and susceptibility to certain infections. Those who have any of these symptoms and have not been tested for the disease should see a physician without delay. Individuals with diabetes are prone to many complications, both acute and chronic. About 15 percent of those with diabetes will develop an open wound (ulceration) on a foot during their lifetimes, and 20 percent of these ulcerations will lead to amputations. The annual incidence of nontraumatic lower extremity amputations among people with diabetes is about 54,000, according to the American Diabetes Association. Among African-Americans, the amputation rate is 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 times that of whites, and Native Americans have even higher rates, three or four times that of whites.